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Plant Illustration

American Hazelnut

Corylus americana

A rounded, thicket-forming, multi-stemmed shrub that produces edible nuts, which can be roasted, ground to flour, or left for wildlife to enjoy. Nice fall foliage.

Bloom Time
April May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Arrowwood

Viburnum dentatum

Adaptable mid-sized shrub provides unique leaf shape and texture with showy flower and fruit display typical of viburnums.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Beach Plum

Prunus maritima

Attractive shrub or small tree with abundant flowers and edible fruit. Salt and drought resistant. Species is listed as Endangered in Maine.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Black Cherry

Prunus serotina

One of the largest of the cherry trees! Has a beautiful spring bloom and attractive fall foliage. Fruit is very attractive to wildlife.

Bloom Time
April May
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Black Gum

Nyssa sylvatica

Attractive, slow-growing tree with waxy leaves. Beautiful blue berries and showy scarlet-colored fall foliage.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Black Willow

Salix nigra

Fast-growing, medium to large sized water-loving tree, great for erosion control and flood prevention. Bark and twigs are commonly browsed by wildlife.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Blue Flag Iris

Iris versicolor

This spring stunner has sword-shaped blue-green leaves and produces 3-4” wide bluish-purple flowers with yellow and white blotches. It’s a natural for wet areas and spreads by rhizomes.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

Solidago caesia

Clump-forming, non-aggressive growing Goldenrod with arching, purple stems, and small clusters of daisy-like yellow flowers. Very attractive to pollinators and deer tolerant!

Bloom Time
August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Bunchberry

Cornus canadensis

Small, hardy accent or groundcover with beautiful foliage, flowers, and fruit. Also known as Chamaepericlymenum canadense.

Bloom Time
July August
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
less than 1'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Bush Honeysuckle

Diervilla lonicera

Suckering densely branched shrub with fragrant, brightly colored tube-like flowers, attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies.

Bloom Time
June July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Butterfly Weed

Asclepias tuberosa

This stunning perennial provides a pop of bright orange color and is a host plant for Monarch butterflies. State-listed as Potentially Extirpated.

Bloom Time
July August
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis

A low-maintenance shrub with glossy leaves and long-lasting white fragrant flowers that resemble pincushions. Attracts a wide variety of pollinators and adapts easily to various soil types.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis

This plant is absolutely stunning with large, cardinal-red tubular flowers that are magnets for hummingbirds and butterflies. Super effective in moist and shady areas, providing a pop of brilliant color.

Bloom Time
July August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Large shrub/small tree with fragrant, dense clusters of white flowers and red/dark purple fruit, that are very attractive to birds and butterflies, and can be made into jelly or preserves. Excellent wildlife value!

Bloom Time
April May
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

A beautiful woodland native with nodding red and yellow spurred flowers. Attracts hummingbirds and is deer resistant.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Common Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

Large, full shrub produces showy white flowers and edible fruit. Food source for countless insects, pollinators, songbirds, and mammals.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Common Juniper

Juniperus communis

Needled evergreen conifer that loves colder climates! Behaves like low-spreading shrub but can grow tall in certain conditions.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Common Witchhazel

Hamamelis virginiana

Unique large shrub with interesting foliage and flowers, which bloom in late fall following leaf drop.

Bloom Time
October
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Cranesbill

Geranium maculatum

One of the best spring-blooming natives, this low-maintenance beauty produces pink to lilac five-petaled flowers that give way to distinctive seed capsules. Has deeply cut, five-lobed dark green leaves.

Bloom Time
May June July
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Culver’s Root

Veronicastrum virginicum

Like a glowing candelabra, this stunning native will light up back-of-the-border areas and create cottage charm. Elegantly reaches 5’ with spikes of white to purple-tinged flowers. Attracts bees and butterflies galore!

Bloom Time
June July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

Classic Northern New England conifer serves well in a variety of protected settings in town.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Foam Flower

Tiarella cordifolia

A great groundcover for shade gardens, the small, white to pinkish, foam-like flowers of this native plant really shine. The semi-glossy, heart-shaped leaves are often tinged with burgundy variegation along the veins. A real winner!

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
less than 1'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Foxglove Beardtongue

Penstemon digitalis

For an amazing spring show-stopper, this native plant can’t be beat. It features white to pink, two-lipped, tubular flowers atop tall stems. Attracts a huge variety of pollinators and beneficial insects.

Bloom Time
May June July
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Goatsbeard

Aruncus dioicus

A handsome perennial with creamy white flower plumes that brightens shady spots. It becomes shrublike over time and is a great plant for the back of the garden.

Bloom Time
May June July August
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Golden Alexander

Zizia aurea

Beautiful upright herbaceous plant with flat-topped clusters of tiny yellow flowers. Fruit and leaves turn purple in the fall. Attracts native pollinators. Moderately deer resistant.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Golden Ragwort

Packera aurea

Semi-evergreen basal foliage creates a nice ground cover, with attractive yellow daisy-like flowers shooting up in the spring. Leaves are purple underneath. Perfect for moist-woodland gardens.

Bloom Time
May June July August September
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Gray Dogwood

Cornus racemosa

Thicket forming shrub with beautiful white flowers and white berries that grow on red stems. Deer tolerant and very attractive to wildlife! Also known as Swida racemosa.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Hummingbirds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica

Wow! This plant has it all—light to dark blue, tubular, two-lipped flowers blooming in tall spikes late in the season. Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and countless other beneficial insects. Species is Potentially Extirpated in Maine.

Bloom Time
July August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum

Medium to large sturdy shrub with pretty foliage, plump berries, and gorgeous fall color. Food source for people and many taxa of wildlife.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Highbush Cranberry

Viburnum trilobum

Unique viburnum with bright red edible berries that ripen through winter. Also known as Viburnum opulus.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Lady Fern

Athyrium filix-femina

Lacy, light-green, arching fronds with finely-divided, pointed leaflets grace this shade-loving fern. Easy to grow and is low maintenance.

Bloom Time
June July
Sunlight
Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Lanceleaf Tickseed

Coreopsis lanceolata

A wonderful plant for colonizing poor soils, this native produces bright yellow daisy-like flowers on long stems. Great for pollinators and beneficial insects!

Bloom Time
May June July
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Little Bluestem

Schizachyrium scoparium

Heat and drought tolerant, this wonderful native provides year-round interest with blue-green foliage in the summer, followed by orangish-burgundy fall color. The silvery-white seed tufts persist into winter. Upright, clump-forming and carefree!

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Lowbush Blueberry

Vaccinium angustifolium

Small woody plant is extremely durable and drought-resistant, thus can be found thriving in many tough growing conditions.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Meadowsweet

Spiraea latifolia

A lovely mounding shrub with small white and pinkish flowers in cone-shaped clusters. Attracts birds and native bees. Deer tolerant. Also known as Spiraea alba var. latifolia.

Bloom Time
June July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Nannyberry

Viburnum lentago

Tall shrub or small tree with showy flowers and fruit typical of viburnums.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

New England Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

This pollinator magnet produces a riot of daisy-like blue to purple, and sometimes pink, flowers with yellow centers from late summer to early fall.

Bloom Time
August September
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus

This durable and drought-tolerant plant produces bright white flowers that attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. Use as a groundcover or a low hedge for the most difficult areas of your yard. Species is listed as Threatened in Maine.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Northern Bayberry

Myrica pensylvanica

Gorgeous, full, large shrub with waxy, fragrant leaves and beneficial berries that persist into winter. Salt, drought, and pest resistant. also known as Morella pensylvanica and Morella caroliniensis.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Northern Red Oak

Quercus rubra

This rugged staple of the Eastern Forest is just at home as an urban shade or street tree. Oaks are among the most beneficial genera for diverse wildlife.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Northern Spicebush

Lindera benzoin

Large shrub, often multi-trunked, that produces beautiful flowers, fruit, and fall foliage. Very good yellow fall color. Species is listed as Species of Concern in Maine.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Northern White Cedar

Thuja occidentalis

Species is a familiar evergreen hedge or foundation plant due to many cultivars. Straight species has same clean, upright habit plus wildlife benefits.

Bloom Time
April May
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Ostrich Fern

Pteretis nodulosa

The large, lustrous, and graceful dark green fronds of this fern resemble ostrich plumes in summer after emerging as edible fiddleheads in spring. Will form a quick cover with spreading, underground rhizomes. Also known as Matteuccia struthiopteris.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus alternifolia

This small flowering tree is as ornamental as it is beneficial. Its small size and flat-topped growing habit make an interesting shady spot for a small yard or space, and large white flowers followed by blue/black berries support countless wildlife species. Also known as Swida alternifolia.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Hummingbirds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Pennsylvania Sedge

Carex pensylvanica

A beautiful sedge that produces soft delicate fountains of foliage and is an amazing groundcover for dry shady spots.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
less than 1'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Pussy Willow

Salix discolor

Fast-growing many-stemmed shrub or small tree with shiny green leaves and silky, furry catkins that appear in late winter and early spring, ranging from white, to green, to brown.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Red Maple

Acer rubrum

Large, well-adapted shade tree, interesting spring and fall color. Important early nectar source, bountiful host plant, and shelter/refuge for countless wildlife taxa.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Red-twig Dogwood

Cornus sericea

Beautiful flowering shrub with red stems when young. Very attractive to wildlife (including deer). Colorful autumn foliage. Also known as Swida sericea.

Bloom Time
May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Hummingbirds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Seaside Goldenrod

Solidago sempervirens

Unique clumping form of familiar genus. Long, lobed leaves multiply in upright clump rather than spreading throughout garden. Produces dense, long-lasting flower clusters.

Bloom Time
August September
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis

Small tree, or multi-trunked shrub, with delicate white flowers in the spring, small red fruit, and orange-red foliage and blue fruit in the fall.

Bloom Time
April May
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Hummingbirds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Silky Dogwood

Cornus amomum

Large, interesting shrub with attractive foliage, flowers, fruit, and stems. Will form wide thicket if low stems allowed to contact ground and root. Also known as Swida amomum.

Bloom Time
July
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Hummingbirds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Spotted Joe Pye Weed

Eutrochium maculatum

Crowned with clusters of bright pink flowers in late summer, this native is a nectar source for many insect species and is the larval host for 27 different butterflies and moths.

Bloom Time
August September
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Striped Maple

Acer pensylvanicum

Small understory tree with showy leaves and interesting bark. Makes interesting accent for moist shady spots.

Bloom Time
May
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Summersweet

Clethra alnifolia

Medium to large shrub with interesting leaves and showy, fragrant, long-lasting white flowers in midsummer. Well adapted to varied growing conditions, very hardy. Species is listed as Species of Concern in Maine.

Bloom Time
July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Pollinators Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

A stunning perennial with dark pink flower buds that open to pale pink; a pollinator magnet and host plant to Monarch butterflies.

Bloom Time
July August
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Sweetfern

Comptonia peregrina

A small, aromatic clumping shrub that colonizes and spreads vigorously if left alone. Great native groundcover!

Bloom Time
May June July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Virgin’s Bower

Clematis virginiana

This twining vine produces a profusion of white fall-blooming flowers which morph into attractive, plume-like seed heads. Blooms on current year’s growth.

Bloom Time
August September October
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
12-20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Virginia Mountain Mint

Pycnanthemum virginianum

Attract pollinators galore with this awesome native! Bees, wasps, beetles, butterflies, and moths sip the nectar from the small, white-to-lavender flowers. Forms clumps and spreads by rhizomes--a low maintenance winner!

Bloom Time
July August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Virginia Rose

Rosa virginiana

Fast-growing vibrant pink rose bush with lustrous dark green leaves. The fruit is high in Vitamin C and can be used to make jam or tea.

Bloom Time
June July August
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade Full Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

White Oak

Quercus alba

Large, important species of oak in relative decline. Tends to grow stout horizontal branches giving it broader spread than other oaks.

Bloom Time
April
Sunlight
Full Sun
Height
Over 20'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
Over 200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Birds Mammals

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

White Turtlehead

Chelone glabra

This striking perennial has lance-shaped, dark green leaves and white snapdragon-like flowers that resemble turtle heads. Adds late summer charm to shade gardens and is a great accent plant.

Bloom Time
August September October
Sunlight
Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
1-10
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

This amazing plant attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, bees and a host of beneficial insects with its beautiful lavender, two-lipped, tubular flowers atop wonderfully fragrant stems and leaves.

Bloom Time
July August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
3-6'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Hummingbirds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Wild Raisin

Viburnum cassinoides

Showy upright shrub with dynamic flower to fruit display that changes colors into fall. Also known as Viburnum nudum.

Bloom Time
June
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds

Download Plant Datasheet

Plant Illustration

Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

A beautiful and edible cool-season perennial ground cover, with white flowers and red fruit. Attractive to native pollinators and useful for erosion control. Deer and drought tolerant.

Bloom Time
April May June
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
less than 1'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds Mammals

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Plant Illustration

Winterberry

Ilex verticillata

Large shrub named for brilliant red berries appearing in late fall and lasting through winter.

Bloom Time
July August
Sunlight
Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
6-12'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
10-100
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Birds

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Plant Illustration

Zigzag Goldenrod

Solidago flexicaulis

A low-maintenance woodland variety of goldenrod has somewhat zig-zagged stems with small yellow flower heads that are very attractive to pollinators. Deer tolerant.

Bloom Time
July August September
Sunlight
Full Sun Partial Sun Partial Shade
Height
1-3'
Caterpillar Species Hosted
100-200
Wildlife Benefited
Caterpillars Pollinators Butterflies Birds

Download Plant Datasheet